PhD Students 
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Astrid Voorwinden

Astrid Voorwinden

Astrid is currently working on her PhD project that focuses on the legal and political aspects of the development of 'smart' cities at the University of Groningen. Astrid holds two LLM degrees from Leiden University and from the Paris institute of Political Studies. Astrid's first article 'Can we negotiate? Trust and the rule of law in the smart city paradigm' (with Esther Keymolen) was published in  2019 in the peer-reviewed journal International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. Astrid's forthcoming articles in the peer-review journals European Public Law and Law, Innovation, and Technology delve into the multi-level character of smart city governance and the legal framework of smart cities. 

Loes Marinissen

Loes started her PhD on April 1st, 2020 at the University of Groningen. Her research delves into state aid issues related to open data. She studied Law and IT and pursued two Masters (Economic Law and Research Master in Law) at the University of Groningen. 

Margaret Warthon

Margaret started her PhD on September 1st, 2020. Margaret is writing her PhD on biometrics and automated-decision making.

Ida Varosanec

Ida started her PhD on September 1st, 2020. Ida's research analyzes the role transparency in AI systems used in the public sector and how these systems may be at crossroads with IP law.