PhD Students 

Astrid Voorwinden

Astrid is currently working on her PhD project that focuses on the legal and political aspects of the development of 'smart' cities at the University of Groningen. She holds two LLM degrees from Leiden University and from the Paris institute of Political Studies. Her first article 'Can we negotiate? Trust and the rule of law in the smart city paradigm' (with Esther Keymolen) was published in  2019 in the peer-reviewed journal International Review of Law, Computers & Technology. Her forthcoming articles delve into the multi-level character of smart city governance and the legal framework of smart cities. She is currently the head of the PhD council at the University of Groningen. 

Loes Marinissen

Loes started her PhD on April 1st, 2020 at the University of Groningen. Her research delves into state aid issues related to open data. She studied Law and IT and pursued two Masters (Economic Law and Research Master in Law) at the University of Groningen. 

European Law and Tech Network

Catalina Goanta

Dr. Catalina Goanta received her LL.B. degree from the Faculty of Law of the University of Bucharest, where she studied Romanian and international law. She proceeded to complete an LL.M. at the Faculty of Law at Maastricht University, specializing in European comparative law and international law, and further obtained an M.Sc. in public policy and human development from the United Nations University-MERIT Maastricht Graduate School of Governance. Her doctoral research on ‘Convergence in European Consumer Sales Law - A Comparative and Numerical Approach’ was funded by the UM-HiiL Chair on the Internationalisation of Law at Maastricht University’s Faculty of Law, under the supervision and mentorship of Jan Smits and Caroline Cauffman. In 2017, she co-founded the European Law & Tech Network with Sofia Ranchordas. They work together on numerous projects.